Escolha a sua SBC Open Source favorita

SBCs Open Source

A The Linux Foundation juntamente com o LinuxGizmos estão realizando uma pesquisa para saber quais são as SBCs (Single Board Computers) mais famosas. Além disso querem saber quais são os aspectos mais importantes na escolha de uma SBC Open Source. Serão sorteados 5 prêmios para quem enviar seu email.

Os principais requisitos para a escolha das placas foram:

  • Disponíveis para entrega
  • Suporte a Linux ou Android
  • Arquivos de hardware, como por exemplo esquemáticos, disponíveis para download
  • Licença que permite terceiros utilizá-las para construir produto
  • Possuir um site da comunidade para suporte

Você pode acessar a pesquisa nesse link: http://svy.mk/1j9jacp

UPDATE: A pesquisa já foi finalizada. Você pode conferir os resultados aqui.

Confira a lista das 32 escolhidas e suas características principais:

86Duino Zero— DM&P, 86Duino.com — DM&P’s $39 86Duino features its own 300MHz, x86-based Vortex86EX CPU plus Arduino-compatible expansion and a modular COM/baseboard approach. A $69 86Duino One model adds more I/O.

A10-OLinuXino-LIME— Olimex, OLinuXino, Mouser — The tiny, $42 A10-OLinuXino-LIME backs up a Cortex-A8 based Allwinner A10 SoC with 512MB RAM, and offers I/O including 160 GPIOs.

A20-OLinuXino-Micro— Olimex, OLinuXino, Mouser — The $77 Micro SBC taps the dual-core, Cortex-A7 Allwinner A20 SoC, and adds twice the RAM of the LIME model, as well as VGA, LCD/touch, audio I/O, and UEXT expansion connectors.

APC Rock— Via Technologies — Based on Via’s 800MHz, Cortex-A9-based Wondermedia SoC and Neo-ITX form-factor, the $56 APC Rock supports Android and Linux OSes, including Firefox OS. An APC Paper mini-PC version is also available.

Arndale Board-K— ArnadaleBoard.org, InSignal, Pyrustek — The $259 SBC features Samsung’s Exynos 5250, which combines dual 1.7GHz Cortex-A15 cores and four 1.2GHz -A7 cores, plus a Mali-T604 GPU. The feature-rich board is loaded with sensors, as well as modular wireless, audio, and camera modules.

Arndale Octa Board— ArnadaleBoard.org, InSignal, Pyrustek — The Octa version of the Arndale offers a Samsung Exynos 5420 Octa with four 1.8GHz Cortex-A15 and four 1.3GHz -A7 cores, plus an ARM Mali T-628 GPU. The $179 board gives you 3GB of RAM, plus multiple display and camera options.

BeagleBone Black— BeagleBone.org, CirtcuitCo — The TI Sitara AM3358 based BB Black just switched to a pricier $55 Rev C version with double the flash (4GB). The real draw here is the vibrant Beagleboard.org community and ecosystem.

Banana Pi— Lemaker.org — This $49 Raspberry Pi clone has the same port positions and header layout as the Raspi, but features a faster Allwinner A10 SoC with twice the RAM (1GB). It also adds SATA and micro-USB ports.

BD-SL-i.MX6 (SABRE Lite)— Boundary Devices, Element 14 — Freescale’s SABRE Lite dev board for the i.MX6 has been spun off as an open spec, $199 BD-SL-i.MX6. It offers rich I/O including RGB, LVDS, and HDMI display ports, dual camera ports, plus GbE, SD, USB, SATA, PCIe, and CAN connections.

Cosmic+— Phytec — For $65 you get a Freescale Vybrid VF6xx (Cortex-A5 @ 500MHz) SoC running Linux, plus a Cortex-M4 MCU running Freescale’s MQX RTOS. For $10 less, you can scrap the MCU.

Cubieboard2— Cubieboard.org, Wang and Tom Dev., Ltd. — The Cubieboard2 moves up from the original’s Allwinner A10 to the dual-core A20. The $59 SBC offers SATA, microSD, Ethernet, HDMI, dual USB ports, and a 96-pin expansion connector.

CubieTruck (Cubieboard3)— Cubieboard.org, Wang and Tom Dev., Ltd. — The $89, Allwinner A20-based CubieTruck offers most Cubieboard2 features, and adds flexible flash options and doubles RAM to 2GB. It also adds WiFi, Bluetooth, GbE, VGA, and SPDIF ports.

Galileo— Intel — Based on the Linux-ready Intel Quark X1000, this $60 “Internet of Things” SBC offers Arduino compatibility, plus microSD, Ethernet, GPIO, analog inputs, dual USBs, JTAG, and serial ports. Intel is giving away 5,000 Galileos to developers this year.

Gizmo— AMD, GizmoSphere.org, SemiconductorStore.com — AMD’s first open-spec board extends its Linux-ready G-Series processors with I/O including VGA, DisplayPort, audio, SATA, USB, GPIO, and PCIe. Add $10 to the $189 price for a developer version.

Hackberry A10— Miniand — The $65, Android-oriented Hackberry runs on an Allwinner A10. It features WiFi, full-sized SD, analog video outputs, and four-pin serial headers, among other I/O.

IGEPv5 Community Edition— ISEE — The $207 IGEPv5 runs Yocto Linux or Android on TI’s OMAP5432 (dual Cortex-A15 cores @ 1.7GHz). The board offers extensive ports, including five USB ports, plus expansion interfaces and industrial temperature support.

Improv — Make Play Live (Coherent Theory LLC), Vault Technology — Emerging from the KDE Plasma Active community that designed the Spark tablet and perhaps someday, the Vivaldi tablet, the $75, Allwinner A20 based Improv SBC similarly runs Mer Linux and KDE. It offers swappable CPU and feature cards using a modular EOMA-68 form-factor, which lets it plug into a laptop dock.

i.MX6 Rex— Fedevel, Voipac — This modular COM-and-baseboard combo from Slovakia features a dual-core i.MX6 SoC. The $235 board provides extensive storage and I/O, and features PCIe, Mini-PCIe, and SIM expansion.

MarsBoard RK3066— Haoyu Electronics, MarsBoard.com — This $60 board replaces the Allwinner SoCs on earlier MarsBoards with a dual Cortex-A9 Rockchip RK3066. The COM-and-baseboard design offers five USB ports and dual gigabit Ethernet ports, along with HDMI, S/PDIF, IR, and camera interfaces.

MinnowBoard — Intel — The $189 MinnowBoard should fade quickly once Intel’s $99, Atom E3800 basedMinnowBoard Max hits in July. The original model runs Yocto Linux on an older Atom E640. Its extensive I/O includes dual PCIe interfaces.

Odroid-U3— Hardkernel, Odroid project — A quad-core Samsung Exynos 4412 Prime and 2GB of RAM for only $59? True, there’s no onboard flash, but there’s plenty of expansion, plus micro-HDMI, Ethernet, audio, and four USB ports.

Odroid-XU— Hardkernel, Odroid project — The $169 Odroid-XU showcases Samsung’s Exynos 5410 Octa, with four Cortex-A15, four -A7 cores, and a PowerVR SGX544MP3 GPU. Extensive I/O includes six USB ports. There’s also a $199 XU+E model with power analysis sensors.

Parallella— Adapteva, Parallella.org — The $99 Parallella runs Ubuntu on a Xilinx Zynq-7000 SoC with dual, 667MHz Cortex-A9 cores plus FPGA. A 16-core Epiphany RISC coprocessor helps with parallel processing. The result is a low-power server clustering platform. I/O includes 60-pin connectors for Epiphany and FPGA extensions.

PhoenixA20— Anichips, Swiftboard.org — The Allwinner A20 based PhoenixA20 adopts the 100 x 72mm Pico-ITX form factor. The $59 SBC offers extended temperature support, plus multiple display, camera, and wireless interfaces.

Radxa Rock— Radxa — The quad-core Rockchip RK3188 is all yours with 2GB RAM and 8GB NAND flash for $89. (A $69 Radxa Rock Lite gives you 1GB and 4GB apiece.) The Radxa boards offer WiFi and Bluetooth, as well as real-world HDMI, Ethernet, USB, and S/PDIF ports.

Raspberry Pi Model B — Raspberry Pi Foundation — Despite the lowly 700MHz ARM11 processor, the top-selling Raspi rules them all thanks to its $35 price, expansion chops, powerful (and now more open) VideoCore IV GPU, and an enormous community and ecosystem. A stripped down Model A goes for $25, and there’s even a new COM version.

RIoTboard— Newark Element14, RIoTboard.org — The $74 “Revolutionizing the Internet of Things” board sips power on a single-core Freescale i.MX6Solo, and offers 1GB RAM and 4GB flash. The 120 x 75mm SBC manages to squeeze in five USB ports.

SAMA5D3 Xplained— Newark Element14, Atmel — This open-spec showcase for Atmel’s 536MHz, Cortex-A5 based SAMA5D3 SoC comes with 256MB RAM, 256MB flash, and a $79 price. Designed for wearables and IoT, the SBC includes dual LAN ports and Arduino compatibility.

Sockit Development Kit— Arrow Electronics, Terasic, RocketBoards.org — The $299 Sockit offers an open source window to Altera’s Cyclone V SX, which integrates dual Cortex-A9 cores with a Stratix V-like FPGA. Interfaces include VGA, audio, gigabit Ethernet, and USB, plus optional high-speed expansion cards.

Udoo Quad— Udoo — The $135 Udoo Quad combines a quad-core i.MX6 SoC with an Arduino-like subsystem. A $99 Udoo Dual omits SATA and has a lesser GPU, and a $79 Dual Basic foregoes WiFi and gigabit Ethernet.

Wandboard Quad— Wandboard.org — The $129 i.MX6Quad based Wandboard Quad is sandwich-style boardset with a COM that includes the SoC and RAM, plus wireless, SD, and camera interfaces. A $99 Wandboard Dual loses the SATA, and a $79, single-core Wandboard Solo skips the wireless radios.

ZedBoard — Avnet — The $395 Xilinx Zynq-7020 ZedBoard offers the I/O you’d expect from a typical $100 ARM board, as well as extensive FPGA expansion I/O. The price includes a 4GB SD card with Linux.

Fonte: http://www.linux.com/news/embedded-mobile/mobile-linux/772279-choose-your-favorite-open-source-sbcs

Licença Creative Commons Esta obra está licenciada com uma Licença Creative Commons Atribuição-CompartilhaIgual 4.0 Internacional.

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Clóvis Reschke
Clóvis Reschke
13/05/2014 12:53

Gosto muito do framework QT e gostaria de desenvolver sistemas embarcados baseados em Linux + QT. Estou indeciso sobre qual SBC seria a melhor escolha. Alguém poderia me ajudar na escolha da placa de desenvolvimento? Procurando notei que a Beaglebone Black parece estar na frente quanto ao uso do QT. Tem a Cubietruck que chamou muita atenção.

Henrique Rossi
Reply to  Clóvis Reschke
13/05/2014 13:18

Olá Clóvis! Tudo bem?

Com relação a uso e disponibilidade de Qt, acho que as placas estão muito parecidas. BBB, RasPi, Wandboard e Cubietruck, por exemplo, possuem pacotes de instalação prontos. O que vai mudar de uma para a outra é o desempenho gráfico. Acho que essas placas podem ser interessantes para você nesse ponto.

Abraços,
Henrique

Vinicius Maciel
vinifr
Reply to  Henrique Persico Rossi
13/05/2014 14:44

Ola Clóvis.

Eu tenho a Cubieboard 1 com o processador A10 da Allwinner e também a A13-Olinuxino da Olimex com o processador A13 da Allwinner. Sinceramente, não gostei do desempenho gráfico delas, meio ruim.

Apesar de a Cubietruck ter um dual core ARM cortex A7, eu suponho que talvez não haja diferença. Mas teria que testar. Alguém ai já testou?

Até,
Vinicius

Diego Sueiro
Diego Sueiro
Reply to  vinifr
13/05/2014 15:07

Vinicius,

Qual distro você usou?
Sei que os A20 tem mali e acredito que deva ter uma boa performance gráfica.

Resta saber se o módulo do mali estava carregado quando você fez os testes.

Vinicius Maciel
vinifr
Reply to  Diego Sueiro
13/05/2014 15:49

Eu usei o Debian, e o driver do mali estava carregado.

O desempenho do GPU é bom, já vi um video do quake 3 no youtube feito pelo próprio desenvolvedor do driver: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=k4LbQGdwslA.

E o decodificador de vídeo também é bom, eu já testei um vídeo de 1080p e rodou de boa.

Mas não sei porque a interface gráfica de usuário não tem um desempenho satisfatório. Talvez porque usei o kernel instável disponibilizado pela comunidade sunxi. Mas, talvez, em breve estará disponível o suporte completo ao sunxi no linux oficial e deva ficar melhor.

Clóvis Reschke
Clóvis Reschke
Reply to  Henrique Persico Rossi
13/05/2014 15:34

Então a questão não é a disponibilidade e sim o desempenho gráfico com QT. Mas ai veio outra questão, sou obrigado a utilizar QT Embedded ? Olhei a Wandboard, vem com imagem já pronta para programar com QT. To vendo que vou levar tempo para escolher.

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08/05/2015 01:17

[…] Escolha a sua SBC Open Source favorita. […]

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27/05/2014 08:30

[…] The Linux Foundation e o LinuxGizmos.com realizaram uma pesquisa entre os dias 08 e 18 de maio para saber entre 32 placas, quais são as preferidas e quais são as […]

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